16052017-TTC-01.qxd 5/16/2017 1:20 AM Page 1 13 established in 1881 tuesday, may 16, 2017 chandigarh | gurgaon | jalandhar | bathinda | jammu | srinagar | www.tribuneindia.com | vol. 1 no. 29 | 16 pages | ~4.50 | regd. no. chd/0006/2015-2017 /thetribunechd Pak intruder, a woman, shot dead by BSF Tribune News Service /thetribunechd Vienna key to Jadhav at Hague No major impact of cyber attack:Centre India says situation grave; Pak says ‘spy terrorist’ not covered by Convention Simran Sodhi Gurdaspur, May 15 Security was tightened in the twin border districts of Gurdaspur and Pathankot today after the Border Security Force shot dead a woman intruder near Bharial post number 2, falling in the jurisdiction of Behrampur police station of Gurdaspur district, in the wee hours. The 60-year-old Pakistani woman, whose identity was not disclosed, was gunned down around 3 am after she refused to pay heed to warnings of personnel of 120 Battalion of the BSF manning the International Border. Police officers, on the condition of anonymity, said the security forces shot her dead after suspecting her to be a human bomb. Police sources said Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) was trying to infiltrate boys in the age group of 10 to 15 years in the guise of inadvertent crossers for collecting information pertaining to security agencies, before actual infiltration was undertaken by terrorists. “Today’s incident cannot be viewed in isolation. It should be seen in a larger context,” admitted an officer. Both the Gurdaspur and the Pathankot police went on an overdrive and security around vital installations was tightened. Meanwhile, after a lull of almost 24 hours, Pakistan today again violated truce in Nowshera sector of Rajouri in Jammu and Kashmir. Tribune News Service New Delhi, May 15 India and Pakistan today argued their case at the International Court of Justice in The Hague and, as expected, exchanged sharp words over Kulbhushan Jadhav, an Indian national sentenced to death by a Pakistani military court for allegedly being a spy. While New Delhi said the Vienna Convention on Consular Access had been violated as its envoys were not allowed to meet Jadhav, Islamabad claimed its provisions were not intended for a “spy involved in terror activities”. India got to make its observations first and was represented by senior lawyer Harish Salve, who harped on the urgency of the situation: “The situation is grave, it is urgent and, hence, we approached this court at such short notice.” “India bases its claims solely on the Vienna Convention, which states that any arrest needs to be reported expeditiously to the country concerned. This is prima facie a case of violation of the convention,” maintained Salve. India described Jadhav’s trial as “farcical” and appealed that his death sentence be immediately suspended. India also argued that the 2008 bilateral agreement between the two neighbours for consular access was “irrelevant”. Refuting Pakistan’s charges of Jadhav being a ‘Your (SC)job is not to interpret Quran, go by Constitution’ AP/PTI CURT ‘NAMASKAR’ SUMS UP INDO-PAK CHILL Reflecting the chill in Indo-Pak ties, a curt ‘namaskar’ was all that a senior Indian diplomat had to offer to an extended hand of a member of the Pakistani delegation at the International Court of Justice (in the Netherlands), hearing the Kulbhushan Jadhav case. Deepak Mittal, who heads the Pakistan division in the external affairs ministry and is representing India, ignored the handshake gesture by Mohammad Faisal, Pakistan’s DG for South Asia and SAARC, and offered a ‘namaskar’ instead. Interestingly, Mittal shook hands with some of the Pakistan delegation members, including the attorney general, the main lawyer from the Pakistan government. PTI “spy”, Salve said, “Pakistan has claimed overwhelming evidence of covert/spying activities. But despite India’s repeated requests, it has not provided a single shred of evidence or documentation to prove its claim.” Later in the day, Pakistan counsel Khawar Qureshi refuted India’s allegations of points,” said Qureshi. In statements that were caustic in their nature, Pakistan hit out at India, saying it had stuck to its position that Jadhav was indeed a “spy” and a “terrorist” arrested from the restive Baluchistan region in 2016. India has accepted that Jadhav was indeed a former violating the Vienna Convention. It sought to draw attention to the 2008 pact between the two nations that India was referring to as “irrelevant”. “Jurisdiction under the Vienna Convention is limited by the 2008 agreement… Pakistan has no desire to waste the court’s time and resources to score political UP and down Tribune News Service New Delhi, May 15 Taking strong exception to the Supreme Court’s attempt to examine if triple talaq was an essential practice in Islam to decide its validity, the NDA government today asserted that the practice had to be tested on the touchstone of constitutional principles of equality and nondiscrimination alone. “Your job is not to interpret the Quran. You are not an ecclesiastical court to check whether a practice is essential to Islam or not,” Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi told a five-judge Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice of India JS Khehar. “You are approaching the problem of triple talaq from the wrong end,” the AG told the Bench. “What religious practices are essential to a particular religion or faith is difficult to define for this court,” he added. Rohatgi’s submission came in response to the CJI’s insisting that the government first address the Bench on whether triple talaq was essential to Islam or not. “Let’s say, tomorrow you declare that triple talaq is not an essential part of religion. So what? Nothing... You have to first decide whether this practice is against constitutional morality or not,” Rohatgi said, adding that constitutional morality included secularism, human dignity and non-discrimination. Describing all three forms of triple talaq — talaq-e-biddat, talaq-e-hasan and talaq-e- ahasan — as “unilateral, extra-judicial, unequal”, the AG demanded that they should be declared unconstitutional altogether and not just the instantaneous form of triple talaq i.e. talaq-e-biddat. Earlier, senior counsel Ram Jethmalani and Indira Jaising had attacked all forms of triple talaq on the ground that they were extra-judicial, arbitrary and essentially discriminated against women. Responding to a court’s query as to what will happen in such a situation, Rohatgi said the Centre would enact a new divorce law if, as the “guardian of the Constitution”, the top court took such a decision. CJI Khehar said the Supreme Court was not only the guardian of the Constitution but also the guardian of the minorities and the matter involved “tinkering with religion itself”. Rohatgi said issues of marriage, divorce and inheritance were not essential part of right to religion, which covered only belief, religious practices and rituals. He, however, said even if triple talaq was an essential part of religion protected under Article 25, it would still be constitutionally immoral and impermissible. As the CJI said tenets of a religion can neither be tested on scientific grounds or on other grounds, the AG shot back, “What would the court do if someone says Sati is an essential part of Hinduism?” “Tell us why are we here before a Constitution Bench if we cannot open the Constitution?” he said. New delhi/Gurugram, May 15 The government today said there was no serious impact of the global ransomware cyber attack on the country, except for a few isolated incidents in Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, even as work came to a standstill at four subtehsils in Haryana’s Gurugram district due to upgrading of the system network in view of the cyber attack. Information and Technology Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said the systems run by the National Informatics Centre were secured and running smoothly. A cyber coordination centre will start operating from next month to take precautions against such attacks, he said. The minister said India had started installing ‘patches’ since March, besides sending advisories regularly to all stakeholders. A patch is a software used to correct any loophole in a programme, including security vulnerabilities. India is also coordinating with international agencies, cleaning up the malware and conducting cyber drills regularly to foil attacks. Asked about reports of networks of a few banks being compromised, the minister said he had no such information. India is on high alert against a possible cyber attack on its vital networks by the crippling global ransomware, ‘WannaCry’, which has disrupted networks in over 150 countries. Punjab may advance +2 re-appear exams 38% failure forces move to ‘save’ year Amaninder Pal Tribune News Service Govt: New law if triple talaq struck down Satya Prakash Indian naval officer, but denied charges of espionage levelled against him. While India took over 90 minutes to present its case, the Pakistan team took less than an hour. The decision of the International Court of Justice could come in the next few days or may even take longer. Work hit in four Gurugram sub-tehsils Marshals protect Uttar Pradesh Governor Ram Naik from paper balls thrown by agitating SP MLAs during his address to the first sitting of the 17th UP Assembly in Lucknow on Monday. The Assembly witnessed unruly scenes and pandemonium, with the Opposition disrupting proceedings over issues such as the law and order situation in the state. PTI REPORT PAGE 7 Chandigarh, May 15 With around 38 per cent students failing to clear their Class 12 examinations conducted by the Punjab School Education Board (PSEB), the state government is planning to advance the supplementary (re-appear) examinations by a month. The rationale behind the move is to “save” one academic year of the students, who would otherwise stand barred from seeking admission to graduation courses. Every year, supplementary exams are conducted in the last week of July. However, the authorities are mulling to conduct these exams in the last week of June this year. Only those failing in one subject are allowed to appear in the supplementary examinations. However, if a student fails to clear the Punjabi paper, he or she is considered to have failed in all subjects. The government has informally asked the board authorities to deliberate on the issue and submit a report immediately. The board authorities have reportedly called a meeting of all officials concerned tomorrow. Education Minister Aruna Chaudhary and Secretary, Department of Education, G Vajralingam did not respond to calls or SMSes. However, a senior board functionary confirmed the development. “Results of supplementary examinations are announced in the third week of August. However, if we conduct these exams in June, we will be able to announce the results by July-end. This will benefit the students. The final decision on the issue will be taken at Tuesday’s meeting,” he said. Of the total 3.14 lakh students, only 1.96 lakh could clear the examinations this year. The pass percentage also slipped to 62 as compared to over 76 during the last two academic years. The PSEB attributed it to strict monitoring and no grace marks. PUTIN BLAMES USA FOR CYBER ATTACK Beijing: Russia had nothing to do with a massive global cyber attack, President Vladimir Putin said on Monday, criticising the US intelligence community for creating the original software. Hundreds of thousands of computers in more than 150 countries have been hit by the ransomware attack, that began on Friday, exploiting known vulnerabilities in older Microsoft computer operating systems. “As for the source of these threats, Microsoft’s leadership said the source of the virus was the special services of the United States,” Putin said. Meanwhile, hundreds of those who visited Wazirabad, Kaadipur, Badhshahpur and Harsaru sub-tehsils in Gurugram were turned away with only two registries being done. “Network upgrading hit work of the Haryana Government machinery. There was speculation that offices would remain closed for two days, but we have been assured of fully efficient systems from tomorrow, so the working would continue,” said DRO Hari Om Attri. The government machinery was also hit in Mewat. Many MNCs stalled working for several hours to upgrade systems. Officials have been told not to access emails, except those coming from official accounts. — TNS/PTI HDFC matches SBI, ICICI loan rates Mumbai: HDFC on Monday lowered new low-cost home loan prices by 15 bps to 8.35 per cent for women borrowers and by 10 bps for men, thereby matching the rates offered by SBI last week and ICICI Bank earlier in the day. HDFC lowered its mortgage pricing for new low-cost home loans to 8.35 per cent from 8.50 for loans below Rs 30 lakh for women and by 10 bps to 8.40 per cent for men. PAGE 12 CBI books Lt Col in land scam case New Delhi: The CBI has registered a case against Lt Col MG Thimmya, ex-Estate Manager, DRDO, Ministry of Defence, and NH Rustamji, a builder, in an alleged Rs 500-crore land scam in Bengaluru. “Misusing” his official position, the officer had allotted 12 acres of government land to Rustamji. TNS FUEL CHEAPER PETROL DIESEL ~2.16 ~2.10 ‘Miracle plant breeder’ Dilbagh Athwal passes away at 88 Sarbjit Dhaliwal Tribune News Service Chandigarh, May 15 Dr Dilbagh Singh Athwal, a “miracle plant breeder” who was among those who laid the foundation of the Green Revolution in the 1960s, passed away in New Jersey (USA) last evening. He was 88. His family, including his two sons, were by his side when he breathed his last. Athwal, whose work was much appreciated by Nobel laureate and “father of global Green Revolution”, the late Dr Norman Borlaug, first developed hybrid “bajra” (millet) in the early 1960s and later segregated PV-18 and Kalayan-227, two high-yielding wheat varieties, from the material provided by Mexico’s International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre, also known as CIMMYT. Recipient of Padma Bhushan, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Memorial Award and several national and international honours, Athwal was bestowed with the highest honour in 1967, when a wheat variety — Kalyan-227 — was christened after his Kalyan village, located on the outskirts of Jalandhar city. The Kalyan variety, commercially released in 1967-68, not only provided the country salvation from hunger, but India also became wheat-surplus soon thereafter. In fact, the production in 1970s went up so rapidly that there was not enough space to stock wheat. As a temporary arrangement, the stock had to be kept on school premises. While Athwal was working on the wheat production improvement programme at Punjab Agricultural University, Borlaug visited him in Ludhiana. In 1967, he got an offer from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines. Many state leaders and MLAs requested him to stay back at PAU. The then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi even wrote to the Punjab CM to persuade him not to leave India, but he had already made a commitment to the IRRI authorities. In 1977, he joined the International Agriculture Development Services created by the Rockefeller Foundation that later merged with Winrok International Institute. He retired as a senior vicepresident of Winrok in 1991, but remained in touch with Borlaug. Both co-authored some research papers.
The Tribune, now published from Chandigarh, started publication on February 2, 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). It was started by Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia, a public-spirited philanthropist, and is run by a trust comprising four eminent persons as trustees.
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