03072017-TT-01.qxd 7/2/2017 10:09 PM Page 1 13 established in 1881 monday, july 3, 2017 jammu & kashmir chandigarh | gurugram | jalandhar | bathinda | jammu | srinagar | www.tribuneindia.com | vol. 2 no. 182 | 16 pages | ~3.00 | regd. no. chd/0006/2015-2017 /thetribunechd /thetribunechd When British paid compensation Govt dispels 7 ‘myths’ on GST for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre Digitisation project chances upon post-1919 Punjab files Amaninder Pal Tribune News Service Chandigarh, July 2 Even as nonagenarian freedom fighter Mohan Singh recently moved the High Court seeking compensation for the “brutal death” of his grandfather at Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh on April 13, 1919, documents chanced upon during the digitisation of Punjab Archives show that the British had announced “liberal compensation” to the victim families of the massacre. Even those who sustained injuries in the massacre, ordered by Colonel Reginald Dyer, were compensated. The compensation amount ranged from a few thousand rupees for some daily-wagers to Rs 1.01 lakh for the family of an Amritsar-based businessman whose annual income was calculated at Rs 9,000. The British had sanctioned Rs 15,92,155 for families of those killed and Rs 3,50,762 for those injured. However, compensation was awarded to the families of only 218 of the total 376 documented as having been killed in official records — “principally because no claimants could be found, or if found, they refused to appear (before committee)”. Though “liberal compensation” was announced, till February 1921, just Rs 14,150 was paid to 19 families of Amritsar city, 13 of Tarn Taran tehsil and seven of Ajnala tehsil. Voices of concern, however, eventually led to the entire compensation being paid. These facts are recorded in four files (1920-1922) of the Home Department of the British-administrated Punjab — found by staffers of the Chandigarh-based Punjab Digital Library (PDL) during the digitisation of official documents. “Can we even imagine that the British could have com- A visitor looks at a painting depicting the 1919 massacre at the Jallianwala Bagh memorial. FILE PHOTO pensated the Jallianwala Bagh victims? These 300 pages offer documentary evidence about a little-known fact. Punjab’s archives have lakhs of such pages with invaluable information about our past,” says Devinder Singh, Executive Director, PDL. Though the files are silent on what exactly led to the British ordering compensation, these do convey that the administrators were satisfied with the compensation amount ranging from Rs 200 to Rs 600 they had initially given to a handful of victim families in mid-1920. A “confidential” letter sent to the Punjab Chief Secretary by Amritsar Deputy Commissioner HD Craik on February 9, 1921, reads: “Rs 13,050 have been distributed to dependents of persons killed in Jallianwala Bagh. So far only two wounded persons have been compensated (Rs 1,100). But a further sum of Rs 5,000 has recently been placed at my disposal for distribution to persons permanently injured.” A February 28, 1921, communication from the Home Department to the Legal Remembrancer, Punjab, states, “Amount paid to individuals ranged from Rs 200-Rs 600 is according to the circumstances of the recipients carefully enquired into by the DC.” However, rethinking on the compensation quantum had begun soon enough. Following a resolution moved by Jamnadass Dwarkadass in the Central Legislative Council, the Punjab Legislative Council on March 17, 1921, passed a resolution “to propose adequate compensation to the families of those killed and injured at Jallianwala and other places during the Punjab disturbances of 1919”. On April 20, 1921, a committee was formed to assess the quantum of compensation in each case with Raja Narendra Nath, Maulvi Muharram Ali Chisti, Chaudhary Muhammad Amin (all members of the Legislative Council) and High Court lawyer Bakshi Tek Chand as its members. Commissioner, Lahore Division, A Langley, was president of the committee, which submitted its report to the Chief Secretary on December 22, 1921. Apart from the Jallianwala incident, the committee also proposed compensation to the victims of “disturbances” in Lahore, Kasur and Gujranwala, when martial law was imposed in these cities in 1919. A total compensation of Rs 22.66 lakh was proposed by the committee (including for the Jallianwala Bagh victims), which was disbursed by June 1922. An amount of Rs 27,560 remained undisbursed and HP Tollinton, Commissioner, Lahore Division, on September 20, 1922, wrote to the Chief Secretary that the amount be credited back to the government account. Dr Harish Sharma, retired Professor and Head of Department of History, GNDU, Amritsar, said, “It is true that compensation was paid by the British to victim families. But I have never come across any research paper or book dealing in detail with this aspect of the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy. This fact has never become part of the historical narrative of the freedom struggle.” Rest before test New Delhi, July 2 A day after the pan-India Goods and Services Tax (GST) came into effect, Revenue Secretary Hasmukh Adhia on Sunday cleared certain misconceptions about the new indirect tax regime. “There are seven myths going around about GST which are not true. I want to dispel them one by one,” Adhia tweeted. Cautioning people against falling prey to rumours, Adhia said in a series of tweets that the process around the implementation and execution of GST will be transparent. “Nothing to worry on GST implementation, don’t need big IT infrastructure. Even B2B don’t need big software. We will give free software,” he said. — IANS more on back page Satya Prakash Tribune News Service New Delhi, July 2 Notwithstanding an announcement by Chief Justice of India JS Khehar two months ago, the Supreme Court will go only partially paperless when it opens on Monday after the summer vacation. Noting that the concept of paperless court involves “technical and functional issues”, “it is proposed to implement the project gradually, as it would be a new method of working for PM: Pranab cared for me like a father New Delhi: Days before Pranab Mukherjee demits office, PM Narendra Modi on Sunday expressed deep admiration for the outgoing President, saying he cared for him as a father would for his son. Releasing a book, “President Pranab Mukherjee–A Statesman”, Modi said, “I am saying this from deep within. Like a father caring for his son...” PTI 5 IS fighters from Kerala die in Syria Kozhikode: The Kerala Intelligence has received reports of the death of five persons from Malabar while fighting for the Islamic State in Syria. “The information has been received by family circles, but it cannot be authenticated,” a senior officer said. Relatives of one Sibi from Kanjikode in Palakkad district received the news of his death a few days ago. PAGE 13 ‘Textbooks creating activists, JNU is nurturing ground’ ICSSR chairman: Caste-based conflicts, untouchability and intolerance are all fringe phenomena moting research in social sciences last month, also believes that caste-based conflicts and intolerance are “fringe” phenomena and should not be seen as a reflection of the Indian society as a whole. “Textbooks are not meant for making student activists but for educating them. Unfortunately, the books are driven by an agenda and there is a need for a curriculum rehaul,” the 76-year-old anthropologist, who once called PM Narendra Modi the “worst victim of intolerance”, said. “Textbooks are in a bad shape today. I had found a map in a social science textbook which showed Jammu and Kashmir out of India, there was another one not showing North-East area as part of the country. There are several lapses in our textbooks,” Kumar said. Kumar, who used to edit a journal, Dialogue, before he joined the Indian Council of Social Science Research, had written in an editorial in 2016 that “NCERT textbooks are Myth: I need to generate all invoices on computer/Internet only Reality: Invoices can be generated manually also 2 Myth: I need Internet all the time to do business under GST Reality: Internet would be needed only while filing monthly return of GST 3 4 5 Myth: I have provisional ID but waiting for final ID to do business Reality: Provisional ID will be your final GSTIN number. Start business Myth: My item of trade was earlier exempt, so I will immediately need new registration before starting business now Reality: You can continue doing business and get registered within 30 days Myth: There are three returns per month to be filed Reality: There is only one return with three parts, out of which first part filed by dealer and two other parts auto-populated by computer 6 Myth: Even small dealers will have to file invoice wise details in the return Reality: Those in retail business (B2C) need to file only summary of total sales 7 Myth: New GST rates are higher compared to earlier VAT Reality: It appears higher because excise duty and other taxes, which were invisible earlier, are now subsumed in GST and so visible now Five courts to access fresh files digitally on reopening after summer vacation Agartala: Even though party supremo Mamata Banerjee has voiced support to Opposition’s presidential nominee Meira Kumar, the six Trinamool Congress (TMC) legislators in Tripura have decided to vote for NDA’s Ram Nath Kovind on July 17. “We will not vote someone who is supported by CPI (M),” they reasoned. PTI New Delhi, July 2 Textbooks today are aimed at creating “activists” and not educating students, the newly appointed chief of ICSSR Braj Bihari Kumar has said, terming universities like the JNU a “nurturing ground” for them. Kumar, who took over as the head of the apex body for pro- 1 SC to go paperless only partially from today TMC’s 6 Tripura MLAs to vote for Kovind Aspirants sleep outside an examination centre at Kendriya Vidyalaya in Bhopal on Saturday, before appearing for the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) recruitment examination on Sunday. PTI REVENUE SECRETARY LISTS ‘REALITY’ OF ‘GOOD, SIMPLE TAX’ driven by political agenda and are partly responsible for the increasing social conflicts and anarchical trends in society”. He said though JNU projected itself as one of the best universities, “they can’t claim excellence when they are hurting nationalist sentiments. Taxpayers do not pay money for activist-making”. — PTI the advocates and judges,” the top court clarified on Sunday. “At the first instance, only fresh matters listed in the first five courts will be accessed by the judges digitally on an interactive display device,” the note clarified. Two helpdesks have been set up at both reception centres in the Supreme Court to disseminate information about the new system, it added. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had on May 10 inaugurated the SC’s Inte- grated Case Management Information System, widely expected to herald a digital revolution in the judiciary. CJI Khehar had announced that the Supreme Court Registry would start functioning as a digital court when it reopened on July 3. “The high courts have been provided with login IDs to upload digitised records in the prescribed format (separate, document-wise PDF)” the top court said. “The process will be periodically uploaded with the eventual aim of making courts paperless.” The digital court system is to replace the practice of filing of bulky petitions. Under the new system, the top court is supposed to electronically collect records of trial courts and high courts and there would be no need of case records being filed afresh in the SC. Those wanting to file petitions in the top court will only have to briefly put in writing the grounds on which they challenge an order.
The Tribune, now published from Chandigarh, started publication on February 2, 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). It was started by Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia, a public-spirited philanthropist, and is run by a trust comprising four eminent persons as trustees.
The Tribune, the largest selling daily in North India, publishes news and views without any bias or prejudice of any kind. Restraint and moderation, rather than agitational language and partisanship, are the hallmarks of the paper. It is an independent newspaper in the real sense of the term.
The English edition apart, the 133-year-old Tribune has two sister publications, Punjabi Tribune (in Punjabi) and Dainik Tribune (in Hindi).