27092018-TTC-01.qxd 27-09-2018 01:30 Page 1 13 chandigarh | gurugram | jalandhar | bathinda | jammu | srinagar | vol.2 no.267 | 20 pages | ~4.50 | regd.no.chd/0006/2018-2020 established in 1881 | thursday, september 27,2018 MODI GOVT CLEARS TELECOM POLICY, BROADBAND FOR ALL BY 2022 PAGE 12 TRUMP FOR 2-STATE SOLUTION TO RESOLVE MIDDLE EAST CONFLICT PAGE 13 /thetribunechd THE TRIBUNE RELIEF FUND FOR KERALA /thetribunechd www.tribuneindia.com PROJECT BENEFITS THE MARGINALISED TECH CAN’T DICTATE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS gives ❝ AadhaarDignitydignity to the marginalised. to marginalised outweighs ❝ If a Constitution has to survive political aggrandisement, notions of power, privacy... one can’t throw the baby out with the bathwater... remedy is to plug loopholes rather than axe a project aimed for welfare The flood fury of the Western Ghats has drowned the beautiful coastal state of Kerala in a sea of sorrow. The Tribune readers have always shown their magnanimity during such calamities in the past. The Tribune Trust, which has decided to contribute ~20 lakh, appeals to its readers to donate generously. Your donation will make a difference to the families of those who have lost their lives and homes. The names of all those who donate ~500 and above will be published. All such donations are eligible for deduction under Section 80-G of the Income Tax Act. Donations should be in the form of crossed cheques or demand drafts in favour of the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund and sent to The Tribune Trust, Sector 29-C, Chandigarh – 160030 or to The Tribune offices in various cities. All donations will be duly sent to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund. While making the donation, please clearly mention your name, address and PAN number. — The Tribune Trust The 19th list of donors appears today on PAGE 11 IN BRIEF Modi gets UN’s highest environmental honour United Nations: Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been awarded with the UN's highest environmental honour, the Champions of the Earth Award, along with five other individuals and organisations, for his leadership of the International Solar Alliance and pledge to eliminate single-use plastic in India by 2022. Among the other recipients was the Cochin International airport, which received the award in the Entrepreneurial Vision category. PTI SC likely to pronounce verdict on Ayodhya today New Delhi: The Supreme Court will likely pronounce on Thursday its verdict on the plea by Muslim litigants seeking direction that a larger Constitution Bench hear the batch of petitions challenging the 2010 Allahabad High Court verdict, which directed splitting into three parts the disputed site at Ayodhya. The Bench reserved the verdict on the plea by the Muslim litigants seeking reconsideration of the part of 1994 top court judgment which had said that “mosque was not essential to Islam for offering namaz”. IANS authority must give compliance to rule of law… constitutional guarantees can’t be compromised by vicissitudes of technology Justice DY Chandrachud Justice AK Sikri An Appeal to Readers SAINA TO WED SHUTTLER FRIEND PURUPALLI IN DECEMBER PAGE 16 Aadhaar upheld, with curbs SC DECLARES SCHEME VALID BY 4:1 VERDICT, DOESN’T VIOLATE RIGHT TO PRIVACY Satya Prakash Tribune News Service New Delhi, September 26 The Supreme Court on Wednesday upheld the validity of the Aadhaar scheme but struck down or read down as many as six provisions, including those on linking of bank accounts, mobile phones and school admissions, to the unique identification number. By a 4:1 verdict, a fivejudge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, however, ruled that Aadhaar would remain mandatory for filing of income-tax returns and allotment of Permanent Account Number (PAN). In a relief to the Government, it upheld the constitutional validity of 12 other provisions, including Section 59 of the Aadhaar Act which extended validity to the data collected during 2009 to 2016 when the law was not there. The Bench ruled that banks and telecom companies cannot insist on Aadhaar for opening of accounts or giving mobile connections. Similarly, schools, Central Board of Secondary Examination, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test WHAT NEEDS TO BE LINKED, WHAT DOES NOT ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ No need to link bank accounts, mobile phones to Aadhaar Not mandatory for schools, CBSE, NEET or UGC exams But mandatory for filing of IT returns and allotment of PAN Mandatory for availing facilities under govt welfare schemes and subsidies SC strikes down national security as exception under Act Section 57 permitting private entities such as telecom companies to avail Aadhaar data unconstitutional Metadata can’t be stored for over 6 months Aadhaar not for illegal immigrants PAGE 7 SC verdict no setback: Cong | It’s historic, upholds validity of law: Govt It doesn’t violate privacy: UIDAI | BJP takes credit, slams Congress (NEET) and University Grants Commission can’t ask for Aadhaar, it said. The verdict is likely to adversely affect the Government’s push to link Aadhaar with mobile connections and bank accounts as the top court held that mandatory linking of Aadhaar with mobile connections and bank accounts cannot be made. It struck down the amendment brought in Prevention of Money Laundering Rules, which mandated linking of Aadhaar with bank accounts. Noting that Aadhaar was aimed at extending benefits of welfare schemes to marginalised sections of society and to serve larger public interest, the Bench upheld the law taking into account the dignity of people — not only from personal but from the community point of view. “It is better to be unique than the best. Because, being the best makes you the number one, but being unique makes you the only one,” Justice Sikri, who wrote the majority verdict for himself, CJI Dipak Misra and Justice AM Khanwilkar said at the very beginning. There was nothing in the Aadhaar Act that violated the right to privacy of an individual, the majority ruled. There were two other verdicts — one each by Justice DY Chandrachud and Justice Ashok Bhushan. While Justice Bhushan concurred with the other three judges, Justice Chandrachud dissented and declared the Aadhaar Act unconstitutional. Edit: Upholding Aadhaar Moga parcel bomb Compensation for 2017 still leaves two injured due, fresh girdawari ordered Data off limit for private entities Strong dissent by Justice Chandrachud New Delhi, September 26 Justice DY Chandrachud, who delivered a dissenting verdict on petitions challenging validity of the Aadhaar Act, found fault with the entire apparatus of the unique identification number, saying it could even affect the outcome of an election. Alluding to the FacebookCambridge Analytica incident, Justice Chandrachud said profiling of individual preferences “could also be used to influence the decision-making of the electorate in choosing candidates for electoral offices”. In the 481 pages penned down by him as part of the total 1,448-page verdict, the judge also held that the Aadhaar Act should not have been passed as money Bill as it amounts to a fraud on the Constitution and is liable to be struck down. However, the majority verdict rejected Congress leader Jairam Ramesh’s petition challenging passage of the Aadhaar Bill as a money Bill by the Lok Sabha. While upholding the Aadhaar law, the majority also declared unconstitutional some of its provisions, including the one relating to national security exception. The majority verdict struck down Section 57 of the Act which permitted private entities like telecom companies or other corporates to avail of Aadhaar data. It also ruled that Aadhaar authentication data (metadata) cannot be stored for more than six months as against five years provided in the Act. CONG CUTS SORRY FIGURE, SAYS JAITLEY India can’t afford to be ❝tech laggard. Everyone a criticising Aadhaar should understand that they cannot defy technology. Congress cuts a very sorry figure here. They introduced the idea but they did not know what to do with it. ❞ Arun Jaitley, FINANCE MINISTER ‘WE’LL MOVE COURT IF NO AMENDMENT’ ❝ The Congress will certainly move court if amendments to the Aadhaar Act brought after this verdict are not brought in Rajya Sabha for discussion❞ Kapil Sibal, CONGRESS LEADER The top court directed the government to ensure that Aadhaar numbers were not issued to illegal immigrants. While rejecting allegations of a ‘surveillance state, it asked the government to put in place a robust data protection regime. — Satya Prakash FLYING, AC, FRIDGE COSTLIER The government has raised import duties on 19 items to check the widening current account deficit resulting from high crude oil prices and rupee dipping to a historic low. “The total value of imports of these items in 2017-18 was ~86,000 crore,” a statement said. Kulwinder Sandhu Tribune News Service Deepkamal Kaur Moga, September 26 Two persons, including the owner of a courier agency, were injured after a low-intensity parcel bomb exploded in the firm’s office here around 2 pm on Wednesday. Preliminary investigations suggested the parcel was meant for delivery to “Bhupesh Rajyana, Rajyana House, Patiala Gate, Sangrur”. The man who came with the parcel mentioned his address as “Buta Karyana Store, Malsian village, Shahkot, Jalandhar district” and told the agency the carton contained clothes. Suspecting that clothes couldn’t have weighed so heavy, the agency owner, Tribune News Service The parcel that exploded in Moga Vikas Sood, inquired what it actually contained. The man reportedly panicked and rushed out of the shop. The explosion occurred within seconds, leaving Vikas and a customer, Rakesh Tayal, injured. An official said small iron pellets and nails were used in the bomb, though presence of ammonium nitrate as explosive could be confirmed only after a forensic examination. continued on page 7 Sultanpur Lodhi, Sept 26 Amidst complaints by farmers that they were yet to receive compensation for the crop loss assessed by the state government last year, Punjab Chief Minister Capt Amarinder Singh today conducted a survey of the same flood-affected villages along the Beas. The villagers of Qadir Baksh, Bhaini Bahadur, Rampur Gora, Mohamadabad and Middewal gave a written representation to the CM that they were yet to receive any compensation for the crop losses incurred around this time in 2017. Interacting with them at Doubled to 20% on ACs, household refrigerators, washing machines (less than 10 kg) New Delhi: PM Narendra Modi spoke to Punjab and Himachal CMs Capt Amarinder Singh and Jairam Thakur and assured them of all help to tackle the flood situation. Briefing Modi, Amarinder said he toured Kapurthala and Tarn Taran districts that had seen significant damage to crops in areas around the Beas. TNS Capt Amarinder does aerial survey Pasan Kadim village, the CM assured, “The funds have already arrived. These will be distributed soon.” Sultanpur Lodhi MLA Navtej Cheema, who accompanied the CM, tried to clarify: “The problem of no-ownership rights was a hindrance, but will be resolved soon.” The CM asked the Deputy Commissioners to prepare girdawari reports to compensate the farmers for paddy loss within three days. He announced compensation would also be given to people whose houses had been damaged in rains or floods. continued on page 7 Articles of jewellery, goldsmith and silver wares will attract duty of 20%, up from 15% Basic customs duty raised to 10% on compressors, 15% on speakers, 25% on footwear PM DIALS CAPT, JAIRAM Import of bath wares, packing material, tableware, kitchenware and office stationery items, decorative sheets, beads and bangles, trunk, suitcases, and travel bags will now attract basic customs duty of 15%, as against 10% earlier Duty on radial car tyres raised to 15% from 10% at present Import duty hiked for cut and polished diamonds, semi-processed diamonds, lab grown diamonds, coloured gem stones from 5% to 7.5% Import duty of 5% on aviation turbine fuel (ATF). It was nil earlier 2 yrs post ‘surgical strikes’,firing across LoC up 4 times SC says sunlight best disinfectant, Ajay Banerjee PAST FIVE YEARS ON J&K LOC Tribune News Service New Delhi, September 26 Two years after the ‘surgical strikes’, firing from across the LoC in Pakistan has risen four times while infiltration by terrorists continues unabated. A positive development is that the number of ultras getting killed at the LoC has risen. On September 29, 2016, the Indian Army hit at multiple terror camps inside Pakistanoccupied Kashmir and destroyed terror launch pads. To mark two years of the ‘surgical strikes’, the govern- YEAR 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 (TO DATE) CEASEFIRE INFILTRATION VIOLATIONS ATTEMPTS 153 222 152 121 228 371 860 406 1,046 140 ment has planned ‘Parakram Parv’ celebrations at 53 locations across 51 cities. Since the ‘surgical strikes’, the LoC and the IB that divide Jammu and Kashmir with Pakistan have been “peaceful” and “quiet” TERRORISTS SECURITY GUNNED DOWN MEN KILLED 110 51 113 41 165 88 218 83 173 71 only in sporadic bursts. Army Chief Gen Bipin Rawat today said “the strikes were a message that we will not hesitate to cross (the LoC). Despite that (strikes), infiltration continues and violence is being fanned in the Valley”. Immediately after the strikes, India-Pakistan ties, expectedly, were on a downward spiral marked with frequent exchanges of fire, prompting assessments of it being “the most tense” period since the November 2003 ceasefire along the border. However, counting the number of ceasefire violations cannot be a benchmark to assess the level or intensity of firing from across. Even one bullet fired is a violation and a mortar, that travels up to 10 km, is also counted as same. A senior officer said modern surveillance gadgets such as night vision and thermal imagers made it difficult to physically reach an enemy post and firing, therefore, remained the most viable military reply. Today’s issue is of 20 pages, including four-page Jalandhar Tribune. allows live-streaming from court New Delhi, September 26 The Supreme Court on Wednesday took a major leap in imparting transparency in the functioning of the judiciary by allowing live-streaming of court proceedings of cases of constitutional and national importance, saying this openness was like “sunlight” which is the “best disinfectant”. It said as a pilot project, only a specified category of cases which are of constitutional or national impor- tance and are being argued before a Constitution Bench, should be live-streamed. The top court said sensitive cases such as those dealing with matrimonial disputes or sexual assault should not be livestreamed. A Bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud, in two different but concurring judgments, said “we hold that the cause deserves accept- ance so as to uphold the constitutional rights of public and the litigants in particular”. The Bench said for livestreaming, the permission of the court will have to be sought in writing. It said “there must be a reasonable delay (say 10 minutes) between the live proceedings and the broadcast, to ensure that any information not to be shown, as directed by the court, can be edited”. — PTI/TNS
The Tribune, now published from Chandigarh, started publication on February 2, 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). It was started by Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia, a public-spirited philanthropist, and is run by a trust comprising four eminent persons as trustees.
The Tribune, the largest selling daily in North India, publishes news and views without any bias or prejudice of any kind. Restraint and moderation, rather than agitational language and partisanship, are the hallmarks of the paper. It is an independent newspaper in the real sense of the term.
The English edition apart, the 133-year-old Tribune has two sister publications, Punjabi Tribune (in Punjabi) and Dainik Tribune (in Hindi).