28032019-TTC-01.qxd 28-03-2019 01:31 Page 1 13 chandigarh | gurugram | jalandhar | bathinda | jammu | srinagar | vol.3 no.85 | 20 pages | ~4.50 | regd.no.chd/0006/2018-2020 established in 1881 | thursday, march 28,2019 TMC MANIFESTO PROPOSES NOTE BAN PROBE BY TOP COURT JUDGE PAGE 7 SALE OF MALLYA’S SHARES FETCHES ~1,008 CRORE, SAYS ED PAGE 12 /thetribunechd Fourth nation to do so I Oppn accuses Modi of ‘taking credit’ for scientists’ efforts REPRESENTATIONAL GRAPHIC Tribune News Service New Delhi, March 27 Prime Minister Narendra Modi today announced India’s accession to the global space club after the DRDO successfully showcased its anti-satellite busting capability. “India has shot down a live satellite,” the PM said, terming it “a rare achievement”. India is the fourth country to acquire such a specialised and modern capability after the US, Russia and China. “Our scientists struck down a live satellite in space 300 km away in low earth orbit. We have been able to do it with anti-satellite weapons (ASAT). I congratulate the scientists associated with the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO),” he said in a broadcast to the nation. The Opposition attacked the PM for “trying to take credit” for scientists’ efforts and using it as a “political opportunity”, even wishing him on World Theatre Day. The timing of the test is being questioned as the programme had been in the making for almost a decade. It remains to be seen if it adds to the BJP’s narrative of providing a strong and secure 350 km in 3 minutes to hit live satellite ■ An anti-satellite (ASAT) missile hit a live satellite flying in a low earth orbit after it traversed a distance of almost 350 km from Earth within 3 minutes of launch ■ Experts and scientists said India had the capability by 2012 to carry out a similar test, but no political clearance came at the time SIGNIFICANCE OF ANTI-SATELLITE WEAPON SYSTEM TEST ■ An anti-satellite weapon system (ASAT) can severely cripple the enemy’s communications and reconnaissance systems during war, and “blind” the entire military of an enemy force ■ Destroying an enemy’s satellites is considered an advanced capability ■ Pakistan has several satellites in orbit, launched with Chinese, Russian rockets ■ But China, which put dozens of satellites in orbit in 2018 alone, could see India’s fledgling capability as more of a threat ■ India ■ With the successful test, India theoretically holds other countries’ satellites at risk EC TO EXAMINE ANNOUNCEMENT Taking cognisance of complaints from the Opposition leaders about PM Narendra Modi’s televised address, the Election Commission has decided to examine the matter. The committee set up by the EC will be chaired by Deputy Election Commissioner Dr Sandeep Saxena. TNS government after the Balakot airstrikes post-Pulwama. “Today, we have enough said its test was done in the lower atmosphere to ensure there was no debris in space and whatever was left would “decay and fall back onto Earth” ‘UNPRECEDENTED FEAT’ Our scientists shot down a live satellite 300 km away in space, in low-earth orbit... India has made an unprecedentedachievement ❝ Narendra Modi, PRIME MINISTER satellites that are contributing in various segments such as agriculture, disaster late city INDIA OUTPLAY CANADA, ENTER SULTAN AZLAN SHAH CUP FINAL PAGE 14 /thetribunechd www.tribuneindia.com Satellite shot down, PM hails India’s arrival as ‘space power’ Vibha Sharma ! management, communication, weather, navigation. etc. The space satellites’ importance is going to increase. Today’s ASAT missile will make India stronger,” the PM said. Assuring that India would not use the strength to harm anyone, he said: “Our aim is to establish peace and not create an atmosphere of war. Mission Shakti is a step in taking forward our vision of a ‘surakshit, smriddh and shantipriya rashtra’ (a safe, prosperous and peaceful nation). I dream of a country that can think ahead in time and is also able to achieve that.” The address followed Modi’s message on Twitter: “I would be addressing the nation around 11.45 am to noon with an important message. Do watch the address on television, radio or social media.” As the country awaited the “important announcement”, the social media went rife with speculation. The last time the PM addressed the nation suddenly was on November 8, 2016, when he had announced demonetisation. Earlier in the day, the Cabinet Committee on Security had met at the PM’s residence. MORE ON PAGE 11 Got clearance for project two years ago: DRDO chief Enemy can go ‘deaf, blind’ ASAT test provides ability to target surveillance satellites Ajay Banerjee DRDO MISSILE HIT SATELLITE MOVING AT 10,000 KM/HOUR Tribune News Service New Delhi, March 27 India’s anti-satellite (ASAT) test conducted today now provides the ability to render an enemy country “deaf and blind” by targeting military and surveillance satellites. A missile fired by the DRDO hit the targeted satellite that was moving at more than 10,000 km per hour at low earth orbit — some 350 km above earth. “The key was to hit the fast-moving satellite. It’s like hitting a small invisible dot in sky,” says Biman Basu, who worked with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). The significance of today’s test is that if low earth satellites are destroyed, the enemy cannot fire long-range missiles and UAVs. India has successfully demonstrated its capability to interdict and intercept a satellite in outer space based on complete indigenous technology. The test was done using a ground-fired ballistic missile defence system to hit an Indian satellite. China has conducted three such tests since 2007, the latest being in February 2018. A US Department of Defence report says: “China is developing multiple counter-space capabilities to degrade and deny adversary use of space-based assets during a crisis or conflict.” continued on page 11 TIER DISTANCE ABOVE EARTH I 300-600 km II 800-1,200 km III IV 20,000 km 36,000 km & above SATELLITES IT CARRIES Spy and military satellites Tracking satellites that study geo-spatial, marine life Satellites that provide GPS signals Communication satellites (SO FAR, NO MISSILE FIRED FROM GROUND CAN TRAVEL BEYOND FIRST TWO TIERS AND NO MISSILE CAN BE FIRED FROM AN EXISTING SPACE-BASED PLATFORM) A Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) Interceptor missile being launched by DRDO from Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha. PTI BEIJING GUARDED IN ITS REACTION DON’T MILITARISE OUTER SPACE: PAK Beijing: China on Wednesday reacted guardedly to India’s anti-satellite missile test and expressed hope that all countries will uphold peace and tranquillity in the outer space. The Chinese Foreign Ministry, in a written response, said: “We have noticed reports and hope that each country will uphold peace and tranquillity in outer space.” PTI Islamabad: Pakistan said on Wednesday that it was against militarisation of outer space and took a swipe at India's announcement of shooting down a live satellite with a missile. “Space is the common heritage of mankind and every nation has the responsibility to avoid actions which can lead to the militarisation of this arena," Foreign Office spokesperson said. PTI MAHA Pak seeks ‘more proof’ on SC: Advocate to be Valid view against BALLOT 2019 JeM role in Pulwama attack jailed for contempt tribunal jobs:SC Islamabad, March 27 Pakistan today sought “more information/evidence” from India on the involvement of the Jaish-eMohammed (JeM) in the deadly Pulwama terror attack and the presence of camps of the UN-proscribed terror outfit in the country. Indian High Commissioner Ajay Bisaria was called by Foreign Secretary Tehmina Janjua and the “preliminary findings” were shared with him, the Foreign Office said, referring to the deadly terror attack as an “incident”. The preliminary findings were shared with India after examining the Indian dossier, it said. India had handed over the dossier to the Acting High Commissioner of Pakistan in New Delhi on February 27 with specific details of BLAMES IT ON KASHMIR CONDITIONS ■ In its preliminary findings conveyed to the Indian High Commissioner in Islamabad, Pakistan has pinned the blame for the attack on local conditions in Kashmir ■ It has argued that it was impossible for its citizen to cross the heavily militarised LoC and effect an explosion in a place teeming with Indian security personnel ■ The findings are based on a one-sided probe after India handed over a paper alleging active across-the-border connivance in the attack TNS JeM’s complicity in the Pulwama attack that killed 40 CRPF personnel on February 14 and the presence of JeM terror camps and its leadership in Pakistan. Stating that Prime Minister Imran Khan had offered cooperation in the investigation if “credible evidence” Will quit if Brexit deal passes: May LONDON, March 27 of negotiating the future relaBritish PM Theresa May tionship with the EU. today said she would quit if “I have heard very clearly the her twice-defeated EU divorce mood of the parliamentary pardeal passes at the third ty,” May said. “I know attempt, making a lastthere is a desire for a new ditch bid to persuade approach — and new rebels in her Conservaleadership — in the sective party to back her. ond phase of the negotiMay told a meeting of ations — and I won’t Conservative lawmakstand in the way.” The ers she would stand Theresa May announcement is the down if her divorce plan latest dramatic turn in the threefinally got through a bitterly year crisis, but it is still uncertain divided Parliament, to ensure how, when or even if the UK will a smooth path for a new leave the EU. — Reuters more on page 13 leader to begin the next step was provided by India, the FO said, “In response, a paper was handed over to Pakistan.” Pakistan has acted with a high sense of responsibility and extended full cooperation, it claimed. “We do so in the interest of regional peace and security,” the FO added. — PTI Suspends sentence after apology New Delhi, March 27 The Supreme Court today awarded a three-month jail term to an advocate in a contempt case but kept the sentence suspended if he refrained from browbeating judges. A Bench of Justices RF Nariman and Vineet Sharan, which had held advocate Mathews J Nedumpara guilty of contempt earlier this month, debarred him from practising before the Supreme Court for a year. The order to suspend the sentence came after he tendered an unconditional apology and undertaking that he would never attempt to browbeat any judge either in the Supreme Court or the Bombay High Court. A good number of advocates were present when the court heard him and his counsel Subhash Jha. The contemnor advocate had attempted to browbeat judges in a case related to designating advocates as “senior advocates” during hearing of a PIL by National Lawyers Campaign for Judicial Transparency and Reforms, challenging the system of designating lawyers as “senior advocates”. He had named senior advocate Fali S Nariman to allege that relatives of judges were being designated as “senior advocates”. The Bench also issued notice to Nedumpara and three others in a fresh contempt case for allegedly scandalising the judiciary by levelling allegations against both judges of the Bench in a letter to the CJI. — TNS Questions post-retirement appointments New Delhi, March 27 The Supreme Court today said there is a valid “strong viewpoint” that post-retirement appointment of judges in tribunals is a “scar” on the “independence of judiciary”. A five-judge Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, which is hearing 18 petitions relating to challenges to the laws governing quasi-judicial tribunals, said retired High Court judges are usually unwilling to man these panels as there was an inordinate delay in appointments. “There is a viewpoint that post-retirement appointment is itself a scar on judicial independence of the judiciary. How do you handle that,” the Bench said. Seeks Centre’s reply New Delhi: To ensure “efficient functioning” and “streamlining the working” of tribunals, the SC sought to know from the Centre within two weeks its view on bringing all the quasi-judicial bodies under one central umbrella body. . Dealing with the issue of tribunalisation of judiciary, the Bench said it has been done to lessen the burden of the high courts. The top court rued the huge vacancies in high courts and said even the high court collegiums are not recommending names for the appointments. “Let us not blame the government for every problem,” it said. — PTI Pitroda: There is money in the system for NYAY Key adviser to Rahul Gandhi, Sam Pitroda says he would rather find money for a cause like NYAY and make sure commitments are met. PAGE 2 Mahagathbandhan allies not on same page in J’khand There is trouble within the ‘Mahagathbandhan’ in Jharkhand with the RJD fielding Subhash Yadav from Chatra, which is in Cong quota. PAGE 2 Will contest if party wants so: Priyanka Keeping the option of contesting the Lok Sabha polls open, Congress general secretary Priyanka Gandhi Vadra said in Amethi on Wednesday she may do so, if asked by her party. PAGE 2 No transparency in electoral bonds: EC to SC ‘Improperly’ visited junior officer’s wife in his absence at Bathinda military station in 2017 GCM orders dismissal of Colonel for misconduct New Delhi, March 27 Taking on the Centre over electoral bonds, the Election Commission has told the Supreme Court that these will affect transparency in political funding in India. In its affidavit filed in the SC, the EC said the scheme of electoral bonds would have serious repercussions/impact on the transparency aspect of political funding of parties, it said, adding it would make political donations opaque. The Centre had told the court that the scheme promoted transparency and accountability in political funding. PAGE 7 Vijay Mohan Tribune News Service Chandigarh, March 27 A Colonel has been dismissed from service by a general court martial (GCM) on charges of “improperly visiting the wife of a subordinate during late hours at her home”. The dismissal is a revision of the GCM’s earlier sentence that had severely reprimanded the officer and awarded him two-year loss of seniority for the purpose of pension. The GCM, presided over by Brig AF Shah, Commander PRIOR SENTENCE REVISED ■ The GCM has revised the earlier sentence that had reprimanded the officer and awarded him two-year loss of seniority for the purpose of pension ■ Officer’s plea challenging GCM’s jurisdiction on the grounds that members were not seated in accordance with rank and seniority was also rejected of an infantry brigade, concluded at Lalgarh Jattan military station near Sriganganagar a few days ago. The sentence is subject to confirmation by the convening authority. The officer had pleaded not guilty. The officer had been tried Today’s issue is of 20 pages, including four-page Bathinda Tribune. for a single charge under Section 45 of the Army Act wherein at Bathinda military station on the intervening night of October 26-27, 2017, he went to the house of the lady knowing well that her husband, a Lt Colonel of his own unit, was out of station and remained there for a few hours, thereby behaving in a manner unbecoming of his position and character expected of him. The officer’s counsel, Brig JK Khera (retd), said the plea challenging the jurisdiction of the GCM on the grounds that the members of the GCM were not seated in accordance with their rank and seniority, thereby violating provisions of Army Rule 75 and relevant Special Army Orders, had been rejected by the court. This issue is being raised in a pre-confirmation petition sent to the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, South Western Command. He also claimed irregularities in the court of inquiry (CoI), on the basis of which disciplinary action was initiated, pointing out that while the lower formations were directed to detail two members of the CoI, there was no record to establish that the officers were approved by the CoI convening authority. He added that the findings and sentence were sent for review without mentioning any reasons in writing in the revision order.
The Tribune, now published from Chandigarh, started publication on February 2, 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). It was started by Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia, a public-spirited philanthropist, and is run by a trust comprising four eminent persons as trustees.
The Tribune, the largest selling daily in North India, publishes news and views without any bias or prejudice of any kind. Restraint and moderation, rather than agitational language and partisanship, are the hallmarks of the paper. It is an independent newspaper in the real sense of the term.
The English edition apart, the 133-year-old Tribune has two sister publications, Punjabi Tribune (in Punjabi) and Dainik Tribune (in Hindi).