09012019-JC-01.qxd 1/8/2019 6:05 PM Page 1 c m y b CHANDIGARH | WEDNESDAY | 9 JANUARY 2019 Work skills critical for the jobs of the future ISTOCK USHA ALBUQUERQUE Looking ahead at 2019 and beyond, is not just about jobs and careers of the future, but more about how we should prepare ourselves for what could be a completely different world 10 years hence! Ten years ago, Facebook didn’t exist, nor did Whatsapp! Ten years before that, we didn’t have the Web. Yet today everyone is on a roller coaster speeding ahead to a world where nothing is predictable, nor impossible. But what is apparent is that jobs won’t disappear — they will be re-defined, requiring new skill sets. The idea that you get an education when you're young and then you stop and you go and work for 40 or 50 years with that educational training and that’s over for sure now. All of us are going to have to continue to adapt, get new skills, and possibly go back for different types of training and credentials. Moreover, the skills set needed for jobs in the future are changing along with the advancing technology and the digital world. In fact, soft skills like communication, problem-solving, collaboration and empathy are becoming as much valued as tech savviness. In such a world, how do we prepare ourselves for the jobs of the unknown future ? We can do that by focusing today's learning towards skills required for a evolving and super charged tomorrow: Social Skills - Communication It isn't enough just doing engineering, or some technical course, the better technology gets, the more people will have to focus on their "human skills" to survive in the workforce. As computers get more intelligent, the work that will take over will require human skills like leadership, motivation and emotion- al intelligence. In fact overall social skills such as persuasion, and teaching others will be in demand across industries, as will cognitive abilities, such as creativity and mathematical reasoning, communication and complex problem solving capabilities. Equally important is Social Intelligence : The Tips to boost employability ability to connect with others in a deep and direct way to sense and stimulate reactions and desired interactions ; Cross cultural competence - the ability to operate in different cultural settings; and trans- disciplnary intelligence - literacy in and ability to understand concepts across multiple disciplines Technology skills Starting with solid technology skills, essential for every student — Digital literacy skills. The digital transformation impacts every industry, and being able to befriend the “machine” is one of the most critical of skills. Just knowing programming languages is not enough. Even today the maximum jobs being lost are in the IT services sector, where applications are being moved to the cloud, and the focus is on machine learning, Internet of Things (IoT) and data analytics. The ability to embrace technology and machines is about the ability to get stuff done, about knowing the tools and how to use them. They also involve using social media, working with design or video editing software and knowing programming languages. Some skills that could be useful in a future technology-driven world: ■ Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning: AI is ■ Learn a new language - bilingual employees have a definite advantage in today's global world possible, participate in college activities and be a part of the organising committee for college events. These initiatives will teach you values of team work, leadership skills, communication skills and will go a long way in preparing you for the future. ■ Take up a summer internship while you are still studying so that you get hands-on experience of the workings of an industry. This will be taken into account by your hiring manager and will give you an edge over other candidates. ■ It is vital to keep an open mind and keep learning, throughout your career. Maintain a lifelong learning outlook. It will certainly help improve your employability. ■ Whenever Critical thinking & complex problem-solving ■ Digital becoming essential for acquiring, storing, transferring and managing the huge amounts of data produced today. AI and machine learning scientists can work within a variety of settings, including private companies, technology companies, production and manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, customer service, finance, construction, government agencies and defence. ■ Coding : An increasing number of businesses are relying on computer code, particularly those involving Information Technology, Data Analysis, design, engineering and pure science. Marketing: More and more companies are moving their marketing into the digital space for greater reach and access to the needs of customers, their usage of websites and search engines and to optimize online marketing initiatives ■ Design thinking: Accelerated rates of technological and social change will require more workers to focus on problem finding and problem framing, rather than simply problem solving. Design thinking introduces methods of problem finding and problem framing in the pursuit of emergent innovation. Some ways to develop or improve your technology skills include: ■ Take up a short or online course in the IT skills you wish to develop ■ Find out what technology will be used in the job you want and how it's used ■ Take up extra training at work Although we strongly rely on automated technology for some parts of our work, there are some things a computer just cannot do, such as make executive decisions for us. The Information Age requires a brand-new set of skills involving statistics, probability, cost-benefit analysis, principles of cognitive psychology, logic and dialectical reasoning. You need these skills to be able to constantly analyze various situations, consider multiple solutions and make decisions through logic and reasoning. Problem-solving is a skill we should all possess but as the world advances, we'll be faced with even more difficulties than ever before. In order to find solutions to these problems, you need to have the mental flexibility and proficiency of thinking outside the box, to see the bigger picture and come up with solutions and responses. It involves being able to use a logical process to figure things out. Start expanding your brain power and tackling a few issues that have been lingering, and you'll be fully prepared for the future. Some ways to develop adaptability skills : Start in small ways like changing your route to work, saying 'yes' to something you might normally say 'no' to automatically, or trying a different and unfamiliar food Look for opportunities to try new things that will keep you learning- learn a new skill, make new friends, try a new type of food, take the initiative for starting something new in your college, community. Whenever you encounter a new challenge, make a quick list of some of the potential ways you could solve the problem. Experiment with different strategies and focus on developing a logical way to work through common problems Undertake exercises that encourage you to work out several COAs (Courses of action) for hypothetical challenging situations. Specialised and unconventional programmes are likely to be popular study abroad options in 2019 ROHIT SETHI According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), more Indian students are now going abroad to pursue higher education. In fact, spending on tuition and hostel fees by Indians studying overseas has gone up by 44 per cent from $1.9 billion in 2013-14 to $2.8 billion in 2017-18. While the US, Canada and the UK remain the key destinations, students are now increasingly opting for Australia and EU countries as well. In a recent statement, Rod Hilton, Deputy High Commissioner of Australia in India, said that his country is now accommodating 68,000 Indian students. As we step into 2019, let’s have a look at the trends that will shape the overseas education industry this year: STEM courses STEM courses (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) have always remained the top preferences for Indian students, and 2019 be no On a different course exception. From software engineering to computer programming and accounting to statistics, they will take up STEM subjects to get lucrative job opportunities following the completion of their degree. With several universities around the world tying up with industrial bodies make their curriculum more relevant to today's jobs, STEM courses will still be in high demand in next year. Indian students tread the unconventional turf According to recent data provided by the 2018 Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange, Indian and other international students in the US are now showing a strong interest in off-beat courses like marine engineering, geophysics, game design and development. One main reason behind the shift is that these interdisciplinary courses are not easily available in their home countries. Also, as parents in India become more supportive of their children’s career choices, students are no longer shying away from choosing the road less travelled. In 2019, unusual courses are expected to strike a chord with more Indians enrollingd in foreign universities. Rise of specialised courses With the ongoing 4th industrial revolution and rapid progress in automation, machine learning and AI (artificial intelli- c m y b gence), traditional job roles are evolving and new jobs are coming up. In line with the changing times, modern employers are now lookout for people who are skilled in these specialised fields. This explains why some specialised courses such as Robotics, Automation and Mechatronics are likely to witness a demand in 2019. Other than that, disability programmes and infection control courses seem to gain popularity among Indian students heading abroad. R.S.D. COLLEGE, FEROZEPUR CITY NAAC Accredited premier Post Graduate Co-Educational Institution Since 1921 (Affiliated to Panjab University, Chandigarh) Applications on prescribed proforma (available with the college) are invited for the following posts of Teaching & Non-Teaching Staff on contract basis for initial period of three years under New Grant-in Aid Scheme of the Punjab Govt.: Teaching Staff: Assistant Professor in English = 1 The candidates are also required to submit 9 photocopies of the prescribed proforma, duly filled in, to the undersigned while sending their application. A copy of the application for the post of Assist. Professor in English should also be sent to the Dean, College Development Council, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Non-Teaching Staff: CIerk = 1. Lab. Attendant = 1 Eligible candidates in accordance with the qualifications/conditions laid down by the UGC/Punjab Govt./Panjab University may send their application to the college within 21 days from the publication of the advertisement through Registered Post or in person. Reservation for SC/ST candidates and persons with disabilities will be followed as per Pb. Govt. rules. The format of the proforma is also available on the college website www.rsdcollege.com. TRC-31540 Dr. Dinesh Sharma, Principal.
The Tribune, now published from Chandigarh, started publication on February 2, 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). It was started by Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia, a public-spirited philanthropist, and is run by a trust comprising four eminent persons as trustees.
The Tribune, the largest selling daily in North India, publishes news and views without any bias or prejudice of any kind. Restraint and moderation, rather than agitational language and partisanship, are the hallmarks of the paper. It is an independent newspaper in the real sense of the term.
The English edition apart, the 133-year-old Tribune has two sister publications, Punjabi Tribune (in Punjabi) and Dainik Tribune (in Hindi).