03072020-TTB-01.qxd 7/2/2020 11:56 PM Page 1 13 chandigarh | gurugram | jalandhar | bathinda | jammu | srinagar | vol.140 no.183 | 12 pages | ~5.00 | regd.no.chd/0006/2018-2020 established in 1881 WILL BOLSTER TIES WITH INDIA, SAYS BIDEN WORLD /thetribunechd 12 FROM SCINDIA CAMP IN MP’s EXPANDED CABINET BACK PAGE DEMAND FOR LOAN AGAINST GOLD RISES AMID PANDEMIC BUSINESS /thetribunechd www.tribuneindia.com One more arrested in Pulwama attack case NEW DELHI: The NIA on Thurs- day arrested another accused, Mohd Iqbal Rather, in connection with the Pulwama attack. Rather (25) of Futlipura, J&K, had allegedly facilitated the movement of JeM terrorist Muhammad Umar Farooq. TNS Pannu, his aides booked for sedition CHANDIGARH:The Punjab Police on Thursday registered two cases against Gurpatwant Singh Pannu of the banned pro-Khalistan outfit Sikhs for Justice and his aides on charges of sedition and secession. INSIDE Pay salaries, HPU tells pvt BEd colleges SHIMLA:Teachers of private BEd colleges, who have not been paid salary for two months due to the pandemic, are likely to get salaries soon as the Registrar, Himachal Pradesh University, has directed the managements in this regard. INSIDE friday, july 3,2020 Amid standoff, India to upgrade fire power Defence Council approves new long-range attack missiles, fighter jets, weapons worth ~38,900 cr Ajay Banerjee Tribune News Service New Delhi, July 2 Amid tensions with China along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the Indian Ministry of Defence on Thursday okayed a massive upgrade of military capabilities. This includes induction of a 1,000km-range land attack missile, purchase of 33 new fighter jets from Russia, fitting of new attack missiles onto Sukhoi 30 jets and acquisition of more Pinaka missile systems. The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) in its meeting chaired by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Thursday accorded approval for acquisition of platforms and equipment required by the armed forces. The proposals would collectively cost around Rs 38,900 crore and are aimed at “self-reliance”. Focused on indigenous BOLSTERING COMBAT CAPABILITY 21 59 12 MiG-29 fighter Su-30 MKI aircraft jets to be bought to be procured from Hindustan Aeronautics from Russia existing MiG-29 Limited aircraft to COST ESTIMATE be upgraded COST ESTIMATE ~10,730 crore ~7,418 crore MISSILES TO BE PROCURED ■ Land attack cruise missile systems with 1,000- km range. The long-range non-nuke missile can be mated with IAF jets and naval ships ■ 248 Astra beyond visual range (BVR) missiles for IAF, naval fighter jets will allow pilots to hit long-distance targets ■ Additional Pinaka missile systems that fire a salvo of 12 rockets in one go. Range 90-100 km COST ESTIMATE ~20,400 crore design and development, the approvals include Rs 31,130crore acquisitions from the Indian industry. The indigenous content in some of these projects is up to 80 per cent of the project cost. Further, addressing the long-felt need of the Indian Air Force to increase its fighter squadrons, the DAC approved the proposal for procurement of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets along with the upgrade of the existing 59 MiG-29 aircraft from Russia at a cost of Rs 7,418 crore. The upgrade will result in modern avionics. The DAC also okayed the procurement of 12 Sukhoi-30 MKI aircraft from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited at an estimated cost of Rs 10,730 crore. WANT PEACE ON BORDER ❝ We expect the Chinese side to sincerely follow up and ensure the expeditious restoration of peace and tranquillity in the border areas as per bilateral agreements and protocols. MEA GOING INDIGENOUS Focused on indigenous development, the approvals include ~31,130-cr acquisitions from the Indian industry. The indigenous content in some of the projects is up to 80% of the project cost. Crucially, the long-range land attack cruise missile systems that have been approved will be an upgrade over the Nirbhay missile systems. The missile will have a range of 1,000 km and has been tested a few times by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It can be launched from a truckmounted platform. It will be the longest range non-nuclear tipped missile in the Indian arsenal. In future, the DRDO is looking to mate this missile with the Sukhoi 30 MKI jets and also install the same on naval warships. The Astra missiles which are launched from air and have beyond visual range (BVR) capability will be inducted to enhance the strike abilities of the IAF and naval fighter jets. The cost of the design and development proposals of the land attack missile and the Astra is in the range of Rs 20,400 crore. The DAC approval for the acquisition of additional Pinaka missile systems will enable raising additional regiments over and above the ones already inducted. Modi, Putin vow to strengthen ties New Delhi, July 2 Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed the Covid crisis today and resolved to strengthen ties to jointly address the challenges of the post-Covid world. Russian President set to rule till 2036 P10 During a telephonic conversation, the two leaders agreed to maintain the momentum of bilateral contacts and consultations, leading to the annual bilateral summit to be held in India later this year. They agreed on the importance of closer ties for jointly addressing the challenges of the post-Covid world, a statement from the PM’s Office said. Putin thanked Modi for the phone call and reiterated his commitment to further strengthening the strategic partnership between the two countries in all spheres. — PTI Report encounter Sanitisers may contain lethal methanol Oxford vaccine by deaths in 48 hrs, Punjab FDA finds 60% samples of various brands substandard yr-end: Partner firm NHRC tells J&K Vishav Bharti Tribune News Service Tribune News Service New Delhi, July 2 The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has asked the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to henceforth intimate it about any custodial or encounter deaths within 24 and 48 hours of such incidents. The panel said intimation guidelines applicable to the rest of the country would now be valid for the two UTs too following an amendment to the Protection of Human Rights Act in 2019. In a letter to the Chief Sec- REGION COMBATS VIRUS 120 NEW CASES IN PB Chandigarh: With 120 fresh cases and three deaths, the state's Covid count has reached 5,784. The number of casualties has reached 153, while 27 persons are on oxygen support. TNS COVID-19COUNT REGION STATE Chandigarh Punjab Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Ladakh Delhi +VE DEATHS 450 06 5,784 153 15,509 251 1,014 08 7,849 115 990 01 89,802 2,803 11 DEATHS IN HARYANA Chandigarh: With 11 deaths and 568 fresh cases, Haryana's Covid tally jumped to 15,509 on Thursday. The number of deaths so far has reached 251, with fatality rate of 1.62 per cent. So far, 11,019 patients have recovered. TNS 28 ITBP MEN +VE IN HP Shimla: As many as 28 ITBP personnel have been found Covid positive in Kinnaur and Lahaul-Spiti. With 35 new cases, Himachal’s caseload has risen to 1,014. Eight Covid patients have died so far. TNS 10 MORE DEATHS IN J&K Srinagar: Ten people died of Covid-19, taking J&K's death toll to 115 on Thursday. As many as 154 were tested positive. Now, the UT's caseload has reached 7,849. TNS retary of J&K and the Commissioner Secretary of Ladakh, the NHRC asked them to comply with its instructions. Among them are sending requisite reports, including of post-mortem, videography and magisterial inquiry, in custodial and encounter deaths. The commission said the erstwhile state of J&K was exempted from sending such intimations in view of protection provided to it on subjects mentioned on List II of Seventh Schedule of the Constitution (state subjects) in the Act. Chandigarh, July 2 Forget protecting youself from Covid-19, the hand sanitisers you use may contain nothing but a lethal chemical, methanol, known to cause life-threatening ailments in pregnant women, the elderly, alcoholics, individuals having poor-quality diet and persons on certain medication. Punjab’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has found this during an analysis of over 60 sanitisers being sold in the state. According to the FDA, the biggest shock came on Wednesday when, while testing samples gathered over the past two months, it was RISK FACTOR ■ Depression in central nervous system, blindness, coma and dermatitis ■ Defats the skin or damages the skin permeability barrier ■ Pregnant women, alcoholics and the elderly mainly at risk found that a popular sanitiser had 95 per cent methanol in it. Around 60 per cent of the samples didn’t comprise constituents as written on the wrapper. A majority contained lesser ethanol than mentioned. Several were found adulterated with water or other substances. Any hand sanitiser should contain 80 per cent ethanol or 75 per cent isopropyl alcohol, as per the WHO standards. After the outbreak of Covid19 in March, the state government had allowed distilleries to produce sanitisers. Kahan Singh Pannu, FDA Commissioner, said most of the violations were of colour or lesser content. “Four samples contained methanol instead of ethanol. This falls in the category of adulteration and we have launched action against the violators,” said Pannu. Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH. It is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable liquid with a distinctive alcoholic odour similar to that of ethanol. It is a toxic alcohol used industrially as a solvent, pesticide and alternative fuel source. The WHO has established that methanol is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Acute oral and inhalation exposures and, to a lesser extent, percutaneous (through skin) absorption of high concentrations of methanol have resulted in central nervous system depression, blindness, coma and death. 5L to 6L in five days as Marines’ trial in Italy, compensation Centre pushes testing for Indian fishermen’s families Tribune News Service Tribune News Service COVID-19CASES INDIA New Delhi, July 2 The Covid-19 tally zoomed past six lakh on Thursday with a single-day increase of 19,148 cases, just five days after it crossed the five-lakh mark, while the death toll rose to 17,834, according to the Union Health Ministry data. The sharp rise in disease burden comes parallel to enhanced testing strategy with the Centre yesterday categorically telling states that even private doctors should be allowed to prescribe Covid testing. Some states had restricted Covid test prescription to government doctors only. The Centre today said all qualified doctors could recommend a Covid test. After a slow start on the testing front, India’s Covid managers are now pushing test-track-treat strategy to uncover hidden disease burden and deal head-on with the virus. That explains the rising burden. The first one lakh cases were reached in 109 days; one lakh to two lakh in 15 days, 2 lakh to 3 lakh in 10 days, 3 lakh to four lakh in eight days, 4 lakh to 5 lakh in six and 5 lakh to 6 lakh in five days. Today’s total death toll is 17,834 with 434 fatalities in a day. The steady positive COUNT RECOVERED 3,59,859 FRESH FATALITIES 434 TOTAL DEATHS 17,834 6,04,641 TOTAL RECOVERED DEATHS WORLD 1,08,83,222 60,85,370 5,20,588 DRUG HACKATHON ■ The HRD and Science and Technology ministries on Thursday launched a national initiative to support the drug discovery process ■ The three-phase hackathon will be open to researchers from the fields of computer science, chemistry, pharmacy, medical science, basic sciences and biotechnology Brig dies in Kolkata New Delhi, July 2 The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague has handed a mixed verdict on the killing of two Indian fishermen by Italian marines off the coast of Kerala over eight years ago. Delivering the judgment, it agreed with the Indian contention that the marines had broken the freedom of navigation aspect of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and, therefore, the kin of the killed fishermen were entitled to compensation. Italy had offered Rs 1 crore compensation in 2012 to the family of each of the killed fishermen. India and Italy will now have to mutually agree on the blood-money and can approach the PCA in case of disagreement. It also agreed with the Italian argument that the two marines should be tried in Italy and asked the Tribune News Service Chandigarh, July 2 Serum Institute of India (SII), the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer, is confident that the Covid-19 vaccine being developed at the University of Oxford will hit the market by the year-end. SII’s 39-year-old CEO Adar Poonawalla told The Tribune on Thursday that the clinical trials of the AstraZeneca Oxford vaccine had progressed to Phase III and based on the results, “we are expecting to mass produce the vaccine soon”. “At present, more than 100 vaccine candidates are at different stages of trials. Each will take its own time and I hope the AstraZeneca Oxford vaccine will be available towards the end of the year. We are optimistic that it will be an efficacious and effective vaccine for Covid19,” he added. The company plans to conduct the final (Phase III) trials in India too. After initial ADAR POONAWALLA Serum Institute of India confident of positive news human trials so far, the vaccine has been considered safe even for people with a weak immune system. SII and AstraZeneca had reached a licensing agreement last month to supply one billion doses of the vaccine candidate to middle and low-income countries, including India. Oxford University had in April claimed that the vaccine would be made available on a not-for-profit basis. On the likely cost, the CEO said, “Once the development continued on back page BIHAR ELECTIONS IN MIND, VOTING RULES TWEAKED POSTAL BALLOT FOR ABOVE 65 COVID +VE ■ The govt on Thursday notified changes in election rules to allow people above the age of 65 years and those either suspected to be suffering from Covid or who have tested positive for the infection to vote through postal ballots ■ This facility will be available for the coming Assembly elections in Bihar; it was earlier available only to those aged 80 years and above ■ Many in the Opposition con- tend that the move will dent the credibility of elections as it gives power to incumbent state governments to issue Covid certificates Parents marrying off minors, 15 complaints in a year Sunit Dhawan Tribune News Service trend is rising recoveries, which now stand at 3,59,859, leaving 2,26,947 on disease management. The difference between the recovered and infected rose further beyond 1.3 lakh cases today with the recovery rate improving to 59.52 per cent. The government today said cumulative Covid tests would by tomorrow cross one crore mark as it reached 90,56,173 samples today. Italian marines Salvatore Girone (R) and Massimiliano Latorre. FILE Indian authorities to close the criminal case against them. Advocate Mukul Rohatgi appeared for Italy to secure the passage of marines from India. The incident occurred in 2012 while Italian marines were on duty on the merchant ship as part of an antipiracy posse due to rampant hijacking of ships by Somalian pirates. They had fired on a fishing boat off the coast of Kerala, fearing that pirates were trying to attack the merchant vessel. It remained unexplained why Italian military personnel did not know they were hundreds of kms away from piracy-prone areas. Sushil Manav Rohtak, July 2 Apprehensive of love marriages, residents of rural and semi-urban areas in Rohtak and nearby districts of Haryana try to marry off their minor daughters. According to sociologists, girls are associated with family honour in Haryana’s patriarchal society and most of the local residents do not approve of love marriages. “A majority of parents con- sider girls as their responsibility and try to marry them as soon as possible lest they have a love affair, elope with or marry a boy of their choice,” says Karminder Kaur, Protectioncum-Child Marriage Prohibition Officer, Rohtak. The officer points out that they have received at least 15 complaints regarding child marriages in the district since April 1, 2019, of which 12 were found true and the marriages were prevented with timely intervention. Timely intervention prevented 12 weddings in Rohtak While most of the complaints were against parents trying to marry off their minor daughters, a few of them pertained to proposed marriages of underage boys. “Owing to the skewed gender ratio in the region, residents of rural areas try to marry their sons even before they attain the marriageable age, fearing that they may not get suitable brides after a few years,” notes Dr Neerja Ahlawat, a noted sociologist. Dr Ahlawat observes that the disintegration of joint families in villages has led to underage marriages, adding that in many cases the girls’ parents want to save money on their marriages, taking advantage of the restrictions imposed in view of the Covid-19 lockdown. “Earlier, when the joint family culture was prevalent in villages, unmarried men were looked after by their families. However, with the advent of nuclear families, there is nobody to look after such bachelors and hence parents want to ensure that all their sons get married,” adds the sociologist.
The Tribune, now published from Chandigarh, started publication on February 2, 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). It was started by Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia, a public-spirited philanthropist, and is run by a trust comprising four eminent persons as trustees.
The Tribune, the largest selling daily in North India, publishes news and views without any bias or prejudice of any kind. Restraint and moderation, rather than agitational language and partisanship, are the hallmarks of the paper. It is an independent newspaper in the real sense of the term.
The English edition apart, the 133-year-old Tribune has two sister publications, Punjabi Tribune (in Punjabi) and Dainik Tribune (in Hindi).